Oculoplastic treatment and surgery
Oculoplastics is plastic surgery for the eyelid area. It can be for cosmetic or functional purposes.
The field of oculoplastic surgery is continually expanding and currently involves many different areas of ophthalmology including:
Ptosis – Drooping eyelids.
Entropion – Eyelids that are folded inward toward the eye.
Ectropion – Eyelids that are folded outward from the eye.
Thyroid Eye Disease – Can include Grave’s Disease. Eyes have a bulging appearance due to inflamed tissue.
Cancer and Other Growths – Including tumours or lesions on or around the eye.
Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) - Blocked Tear Ducts – Commonly found in infants but can also occur in adults as a result of infection, trauma or tumours.
Injuries – Repair and reconstruct damaged eye sockets.
Ptosis / Blepharoplasty / Drooping Upper Eyelid
Weakness in the muscle or excess weight from upper lid tissues can cause drooping of the upper eyelid. In either case, removal of the cause can be performed under local anaesthesia with sedation.
Upper eyelid levator muscle surgery is performed by strengthening the muscle. Lid drooping can also be improved by removing skin or fat tissue from the upper lid.
Frequent watering of the eye, irritation and occasional eye infection can be caused by Ectropion which is the turning of the eyelid away from the eye. Ectropion occurs primarily in older patients and is mainly due to a loosening of the tissues around the eye. The skin may shrink when exposed to extensive sun and pull the eyelid away from the eye.
Surgery usually involves tightening the lid with or without skin placement.
Watering of the eyes is often due to blockage of the tear duct. Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery is a procedure that eliminates fluid and mucus retention within the lacrimal sac, and increases tear drainage for relief of epiphora (water running down the face). This is done as a day surgery under anaesthesia.
Eyelid Skin Cancers
Patients who have skin lesions of the eyelid have lesions, simple benign lumps or suffer from skin cancers of the eyelid. Some have common sunspots like Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) or Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC). Removal of lesions and reconstruction of the eyelid can be performed as a day surgery under local anaesthesia.